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Permanent Links for Law Review Citations: PDF Guide
This guide provides complete instructions for law review staff who use Perma. It also explains how to recognize other types of permanent links, such as DOI and Handle URLs.
Want to know more?
These papers and articles help explain why permanent URLs are particularly important in scholarly and legal citations.
What does Perma do?
- Perma creates a permanent, archived version of a website and assigns a permanent URL to that archived version.
When should I use Perma?
- Use Perma when citing to ephemeral material on the Internet, such as websites, blogs or working papers – any website that does not already use another form of permanent URL.
How do I access Perma?
- Go to http://perma.cc and log in.
- If you do not have a Perma account, contact an existing Perma User from your journal. The journal’s existing Users can set up new User accounts for the journal. All Users can then create Perma links on behalf of the journal. If your journal does not have any Users, contact Rachel Green at the law library to set up your journal's Perma account.
How do I use Perma?
How do I cite to a Perma link?
- The 20th Edition of the Bluebook provides guidance for including Perma links in citations. Rule 18.2.1(d) instructs to “append the archive URL to the full citation in brackets,” with the following example:
Letter from Rose M. Oswald Poels, President/CEO, Wis. Bankers Ass’n, to Elizabeth M. Murphy, Sec’y, SEC (Sept. 17, 2013), http://www.sec.gov/comments/s7-03-13/s70313-178.pdf [http://perma.cc/B7Z7D9DJ].
- If your account has been created but you never received the confirmation email, check your spam folder.
- If you need further assistance related to Perma accounts, contact Rachel Green, greenr at law.ucla.edu.
Thank you to Nick Szydlowski at Boston College for providing the template for this guide.
This guide was originally created by Cheryl Kelly Fischer and is now maintained by Rachel Green.